QGIS 安裝檔

如何取得 QGIS?

QGIS is available on Windows, macOS, Linux, Android and iOS.

我們建議安裝包裹釋出的軟體。

為了評估接下的釋出,以及讓非開發者能夠支援開發工作,我們也提供測試包裏 (注意警告訊息...)

未來在釋出前有冷凍期間 (請見 :ref:QGIS-release-schedule`),這些包裏無疑是 釋出前,強烈建議使用者拿來測試

Windows

There are two options for installations on Windows:

Standalone installers

For beginners the easiest way is using the standalone installers:

釋出

版本

包裏

最新釋出

3.28.1 Firenze ​

Installer Checksum

Long Term Release

3.22.13 Białowieża LTR

Installer Checksum

開發

3.29 master

Weekly snapshots

See also The main installers page.

The weekly snapshots of the nightly qgis-dev package of OSGeo4W are for users that cannot use OSGeo4W (see below) for some reason or just prefer standalone installers. In the feature freeze phase that also acts as release candidate.

OSGeo4W installer

More advanced QGIS users should use OSGeo4W packages, which for one make it possible to install several versions in parallel and also to do much more efficient updates as only changed components are downloaded and installed.

The OSGeo4W repository contains a lot of software from OSGeo projects. QGIS and all dependencies are included, along with Python, GRASS, GDAL, etc. The installer is able to install from internet or just download all needed packages beforehand. The downloaded files are kept in a local directory for future installations and could also be used to install offline.

Steps are:

  • Download OSGeo4W Installer and start it

  • Choose Express Install and select QGIS to install the latest release and/or QGIS LTR to install the long term release.

Alternatively to Express you also use the Advanced Install, navigate to the Desktop section and pick one or more of the following packages:

釋出

版本

包裏

說明

最新釋出

3.28.1 Firenze ​

qgis

釋出

qgis-rel-dev 1

接下來時點的 Nightly build

Long Term Release

3.22.13 Białowieża LTR

qgis-ltr

釋出

qgis-ltr-dev 1

Nightly build of the upcoming long term point release

開發

3.29 master

qgis-dev 1

Nightly build of the development version

1(1,2,3)

Nightlies are debug builds (including debugging output)

The packages listed in the table only install the necessary packages to run QGIS. Corresponding to those packages there are also meta packages with the postfix -full-free and -full. The former contains additional optional dependencies that some popular - not included - plugins use and the latter include the former and also add proprietary extensions like Oracle, ECW and MrSID.

The Express installs reference the corresponding -full variant and the standalone installers are also made from these OSGeo4W package sets.

Before installing any of the nightly builds note the warning.

Linux

Most linux distributions split QGIS into several packages; you'll probably need qgis and qgis-python (to run plugins). Packages like qgis-grass (or qgis-plugin-grass), qgis-server can be skipped initially, or installed only when you need them.

Below you find instructions to install per distribution. For most distro's there are instructions to install QGIS stable and instructions to install a cutting edge QGIS testing build (note the warning).

Debian/Ubuntu

Quickstart

Note

In the section following this one, you will find ALL possible options to install different versions of QGIS in different versions of Debian/Ubuntu. If you have problems, verify there whether your distribution is still supported as the repositories also contain older unsupported distributions with the last QGIS version that was supported. Beware that those might have meanwhile ceased to work.

Here you will simply install the latest stable QGIS (3.28.x Firenze) in your Debian or Ubuntu without having to edit config files.

Note

Although you see 'Debian' in some places, this also works for 'Ubuntu', as one is actually a symlink to the other on our server.

First install some tools you will need for this instructions:

sudo apt install gnupg software-properties-common

Now install the QGIS Signing Key, so QGIS software from the QGIS repo will be trusted and installed:

sudo mkdir -m755 -p /etc/apt/keyrings  # not needed since apt version 2.4.0 like Debian 12 and Ubuntu 22 or newer
sudo wget -O /etc/apt/keyrings/qgis-archive-keyring.gpg https://download.qgis.org/downloads/qgis-archive-keyring.gpg

Add the QGIS repo for the latest stable QGIS (3.28.x Firenze) to /etc/apt/sources.list.d/qgis.sources:

Types: deb deb-src
URIs: https://qgis.org/debian
Suites: your-distributions-codename
Architectures: amd64
Components: main
Signed-By: /etc/apt/keyrings/qgis-archive-keyring.gpg

Note

Suites in above lines depends on your distribution. lsb_release -cs will show your distribution name.

In some distributions (like Linux Mint), . /etc/os-release; echo "$UBUNTU_CODENAME" will show the correct distibution name.

See Available codenames.

Update your repository information to reflect also the just added QGIS one:

sudo apt update

Now, install QGIS:

sudo apt install qgis qgis-plugin-grass

Note

Add qgis-server to this line if you also want to install QGIS Server

Repositories

Default Debian and Ubuntu software repositories often hold older versions of QGIS.

To have newer versions, you have to add alternative software repositories, by adding one of the deb-lines below to your /etc/apt/sources.list.d/qgis.sources file.

Our main repository contains multiple lines of packages for several versions of Debian and Ubuntu based on the dependencies the individual distributions provide.

For Ubuntu we also used to have extra packages in a separate repository that are based on ubuntugis, which held more uptodate versions of other GIS packages than Ubuntu itself for LTS versions. If you want those you also need to include ubuntugis-unstable ppa in your /etc/apt/sources.list.d/qgis.list file (see ubuntugis documentation).

Note

The release packages are only produced once shortly after a new version has been released. As unstable, not yet released debian versions (testing) and ubuntugis-unstable can have library changes the packages might sooner or later be broken for these targets, when the development in debian, ubuntu or ubuntugis-unstable moves on and their packages used as dependencies in qgis change. In that event you can either

  • move to a stable debian version and use the released packages for it,

  • wait for the next point release (due 2022-12-16 12:00:00 UTC), which happens every month and will include the updated dependencies,

  • switch to a nightly repository (available for the two release branches and master) whose packages are rebuild on regular basis and will also pickup the updated dependencies automatically or

  • build your own set of packages (see build-debian-packages).

Lines of packages:

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版本

說明

外掛程式主機

最新釋出

3.28.x Firenze ​

Release for Debian and Ubuntu

https://qgis.org/debian https://qgis.org/ubuntu

Release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis

Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu 5

https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-release https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly-release

Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies 5

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-release

長期維護版本儲藏庫

3.22.x Białowieża LTR

Release for Debian and Ubuntu

https://qgis.org/debian-ltr https://qgis.org/ubuntu-ltr

Release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-ltr

Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu 5

https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-ltr https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly-ltr

Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies 5

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-ltr

開發版本

3.29 master

Nightly build for Debian and Ubuntu 5

https://qgis.org/debian-nightly https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly

Nightly build with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies 5

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly

5(1,2,3,4,5,6)

nightlies are debug builds (including debug output)

Next point release: 2022-12-16 12:00:00 UTC
Next release: 2023-02-17 12:00:00 UTC
(more dates see Release Schedule on 路線圖)

支援的發行版:

發行版

版本

代號

Also available based on ubuntugis-unstable dependencies?

Debian

11.x (stable)

bullseye

不穩定版

sid

Ubuntu

23.04

lunar 6

22.10

kinetic

22.04 (LTS)

jammy

20.04 (LTS)

focal 7

6

only nightlies builds

7

only up to QGIS 3.26 (Qt 5.13 required for 3.27)

To use the qgis archive you have to first add the archive's repository public key:

wget https://download.qgis.org/downloads/qgis-archive-keyring.gpg
gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring ./qgis-archive-keyring.gpg --list-keys

Should output:

./qgis-archive-keyring.gpg
--------------------------
pub   rsa4096 2022-08-08 [SCEA] [expires: 2027-08-08]
      2D7E3441A707FDB3E7059441D155B8E6A419C5BE
uid           [ unknown] QGIS Archive Automatic Signing Key (2022-2027) <qgis-developer@lists.osgeo.org>

After you have verified the output you can install the key with:

sudo mkdir -m755 -p /etc/apt/keyrings  # not needed since apt version 2.4.0 like Debian 12 and Ubuntu 22 or newer
sudo cp qgis-archive-keyring.gpg /etc/apt/keyrings/qgis-archive-keyring.gpg

Alternatively you can download the key directly without manual verification:

sudo mkdir -m755 -p /etc/apt/keyrings  # not needed since apt version 2.4.0 like Debian 12 and Ubuntu 22 or newer
sudo wget -O /etc/apt/keyrings/qgis-archive-keyring.gpg https://download.qgis.org/downloads/qgis-archive-keyring.gpg

With the keyring in place you can add the repository as /etc/apt/sources.list.d/qgis.sources with following content:

Types: deb deb-src
URIs: *repository*
Suites: *codename*
Architectures: amd64
Components: main
Signed-By: /etc/apt/keyrings/qgis-archive-keyring.gpg

Example for the latest long term release for Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy:

Types: deb deb-src
URIs: https://qgis.org/ubuntu-ltr
Suites: jammy
Architectures: amd64
Components: main
Signed-By: /etc/apt/keyrings/qgis-archive-keyring.gpg

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install qgis qgis-plugin-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server, type:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install qgis-server --no-install-recommends --no-install-suggests
# if you want to install server Python plugins
apt install python-qgis

Note

在升級之前,請先移除所有從其他軟體倉儲安裝的 QGIS 和 GRASS 套件。

Fedora

Get packages for any Fedora by typing:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass qgis-server

Default Fedora software repositories often hold older versions of QGIS.

To have newer versions or the latest LTR, you have to add alternative software repositories based on the version you want to install (stable, LTR or testing).

QGIS 穩定版

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it's not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis

發行版

版本

QGIS版本

GRASS GIS version

Fedora

35

3.24

7.8

36

3.26

8.0

More information are available at https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis/

QGIS LTR (Long Term Release)

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis-ltr

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it's not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis

發行版

版本

QGIS版本

GRASS GIS version

Fedora

35

3.22

7.8

36

3.22

8.0

More information are available at https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis-ltr/

SUSE / openSUSE

Latest stable and LTR packages called qgis and qgis-ltr are available in the following repositories:

發行版

外掛程式主機

Tumbleweed

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Tumbleweed/

Leap 15.2

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Leap_15.2/

Leap 15.1

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Leap_15.1/

Factory ARM

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Factory_ARM/

Factory PowerPC

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Factory_PowerPC/

SLE 15 SP1 Backports

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/SLE_15_SP1_Backports/

SLE 15 SP1 Backports debug

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/SLE_15_SP1_Backports_debug/

所有套件都支援 GRASS 和 Python。

All openSUSE Geo repositories can be found here: https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/

Mandriva

QGIS 穩定版

Current:

urpmi qgis-python qgis-grass

Slackware

QGIS 穩定版

Packages on https://slackbuilds.org/result/?search=qgis

Arch Linux

QGIS 穩定版

Arch Linux is available in official repository : https://www.archlinux.org/packages/community/x86_64/qgis/

Install with:

pacman -S qgis

QGIS LTR

QGIS Long Term Release is available in AUR (Arch User Repository).

Install with yaourt or other package manager which support AUR:

yaourt -S qgis-ltr

For bugs and other behaviour, read comments here : https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/qgis-ltr/

QGIS 測試版

QGIS testing is available in AUR (Arch User Repository).

Install with yaourt or other package manager which support AUR:

yaourt -S qgis-git

For bugs and other behaviour, read comments here : https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/qgis-git

Flatpak

There is an QGIS flatpak for QGIS Stable available, maintained by the flathub community.

For general Linux Flatpak install notes, see https://flatpak.org/setup/

QGIS on Flathub: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.qgis.qgis

To install:

flatpak install --from https://dl.flathub.org/repo/appstream/org.qgis.qgis.flatpakref

Then to run:

flatpak run org.qgis.qgis

To update your flatpak QGIS:

flatpak update

On certain distributions, you may also need to install xdg-desktop-portal or xdg-desktop-portal-gtk packages in order for file dialogs to appear.

Flathub files: https://github.com/flathub/org.qgis.qgis and report issues here: https://github.com/flathub/org.qgis.qgis/issues

Note: if you need to install additional Python modules, because they are needed by a plugin, you can install the module with (here installing the scipy module):

flatpak run --devel --command=pip3 org.qgis.qgis install scipy --user

Mac OS X / macOS

Official All-in-one, signed installers for macOS High Sierra (10.13) and newer can be downloaded from the QGIS download page.

Alternative builds supporting macOS High Sierra (10.13) and newer are available from kyngchaos.com

QGIS nightly release

A nightly updated standalone installer from QGIS master can be downloaded from here.

Old releases

Previous releases of the official installer can be downloaded from https://qgis.org/downloads/macos/.

Previous releases of the kyngchaos installer can be downloaded from https://www.kyngchaos.com/software/archive/. The oldest installers support macOS 10.4 Tiger.

FreeBSD

QGIS 穩定版

To install QGIS from binary packages type

pkg install qgis

Or to customize compilation options, you can build it from FreeBSD ports

cd /usr/ports/graphics/qgis
make install clean

QGIS LTR

To install QGIS from binary packages type

pkg install qgis-ltr

Or to customize compilation options, you can build it from FreeBSD ports

cd /usr/ports/graphics/qgis-ltr
make install clean

Android

An old and deprecated not touch optimised release of QGIS for Android can be found on the google play store.

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.qgis.qgis

Warning

There is currently no support for Android 5. Best support is given for Android 4.3 and 4.4.x. This is a direct port of the QGIS desktop application. It is only slightly optimized for touch devices and therefore needs to be carefully evaluated for its suitability in day-to-day use. There are other apps available which are designed and optimized specifically for touch devices.

QGIS Testing warning

Warning

QGIS testing packages are provided for some platforms in addition to the QGIS stable version. QGIS testing contains unreleased software that is currently being worked on. They are only provided for testing purposes to early adopters to check if bugs have been resolved and that no new bugs have been introduced. Although we carefully try to avoid breakages, it may at any given time not work, or may do bad things to your data. Take care. You have been warned!

Installing from Source

Refer to INSTALL on how to build and install QGIS from source for the different platforms.