Установщики QGIS

Как получить QGIS?

QGIS свободно доступна на Windows, Linux, MacOS X, BSD и Android.

Мы рекомендуем устанавливать пакеты выпущенного программного обеспечения.

Для оценки предстоящего выпуска и для того, чтобы позволить пользователям влиять на процесс разработки мы также предоставляем тестовую версию (обратите внимание на предупреждение warning).

В стадии заморозки, предшествующей стадии релиза (см. Порядок выпусков) эти пакеты доступны в виде пре-релиза, который мы настоятельно рекомендуем пользователям тестировать.

Windows

Получить установщик для Windows можно в основном разделе загрузки.

Начинающим пользователям рекомендуется использовать автономные установщики.

For more advanced QGIS users you can use OSGeo4W packages, which make it possible to install several versions in parallel.

Репозиторий OSGeo4W включает в себя большое число программ проектов OSGeo. QGIS и все её зависимости также включены в этот репозиторий, равно как и Python, GRASS, GDAL, и др. Установщик позволяет инсталлировать программы как из интернета, так и из предварительно загруженных пакетов. Загружаемые файлы сохраняются в локальном каталоге и могут использоваться повторно. Последовательность действий:

  • Download OSGeo4W Installer (32 bit or 64 bit) and start it

  • Выберите Расширенная установка,

  • navigate to the Desktop section

  • and pick one or more of the following packages:

    Release Версия Пакет Описание
    Latest Release 3.6.x Noosa ​ qgis Release
    qgis-rel-dev [1] Nightly build of the upcoming point release
    Long Term Release Repository 3.4.x Madeira LTR qgis-ltr Release
    qgis-ltr-dev [2] Nightly build of the upcoming point long term release
    Development 3.7 master qgis-dev [3] Nightly build of the development version
[1]Latest release nightlies SHA: 32 bit , 64 bit
[2]Latest long-term release nightlies SHA: 32 bit , 64 bit
[3]Master nightlies SHA: 32 bit , 64 bit

For users that cannot use OSGeo4W for some reason or just prefer it there is also a weekly snapshot of qgis-dev from OSGeo4W as standalone installer (taken on monday). In the feature freeze phase that also acts as release candidate.

Note the warning.

Примечание

Don’t blindly do a full install of OSGeo4W. Only install QGIS and maybe other components you like. Dependencies will be included automatically. A full install pulls in components that require third party additions, which need to be installed manually. These components render the installation unusable without those additions.

Linux

Большинство дистрибутивов Linux разбивают QGIS на несколько пакетов; скорее всего вам понадобятся пакеты qgis и qgis-python (для работы с модулями). Пакеты вроде qgis-grass (или qgis-plugin-grass), qgis-server могут не устанавливаться или устанавливаться только при необходимости.

Below you find instructions to install per distribution. For most distro’s there are instructions to install QGIS stable and instructions to install a cutting edge QGIS testing build (note the warning).

Debian/Ubuntu

В стандартных репозиториях Debian и Ubuntu зачастую доступны только предыдущие выпуски QGIS.

Чтобы получить актуальные версии, вы должны использовать альтернативные репозитории, добавив одну из следующих строк в ваш /etc/apt/sources.list.

Our main repository contains multiple lines of packages for several versions of Debian and Ubuntu based on the dependencies the individual distributions provide.

For Ubuntu we also have extra packages in a separate repository that are based on ubuntugis, which holds more uptodate versions of other GIS packages than Ubuntu itself. If you want those you also need to include ubuntugis-unstable ppa in your /etc/apt/sources.list file (see ubuntugis documentation).

Примечание

The release packages are only produced once shortly after a new version has been released. As unstable, not yet released debian versions (testing) and ubuntugis-unstable can have library changes the packages might sooner or later be broken for these targets, when the development in debian, ubuntu or ubuntugis-unstable moves on and their packages used as dependencies in qgis change. In that event you can either

  • move to a stable debian version and use the released packages for it,
  • wait for the next point release (due 2019-05-17 12:00:00 UTC), which happens every month and will include the updated dependencies,
  • switch to a nightly repository (available for the two release branches and master) whose packages are rebuild on regular basis and will also pickup the updated dependencies automatically or
  • build your own set of packages (see INSTALL).

Lines of packages:

Release Версия Описание Репозиторий
Latest Release 3.6.x Noosa ​ Release for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian https://qgis.org/ubuntu
Release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis
Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-release https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly-release
Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-release
Long Term Release Repository 3.4.x Madeira LTR Release for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian-ltr https://qgis.org/ubuntu-ltr
Release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-ltr
Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-ltr https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly-ltr
Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-ltr
Development Version 3.7 master Nightly build for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian-nightly https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly
Nightly build with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly
Next point release: 2019-05-17 12:00:00 UTC
Next release: 2019-06-21 12:00:00 UTC
(more dates see Release Schedule on План разработки)

Supported distribution versions:

Distribution Версия Codename Also available based on ubuntugis-unstable dependencies? with 3D [6]
Debian 9.x stretch [4]    
10.x buster   yes
sid unstable   yes
Ubuntu 19.04 disco   yes
18.10 cosmic   yes
18.04 (LTS) bionic yes yes
16.04 (LTS) xenial [4] [5] yes  
[4](1, 2) only up to 3.4 (3.6 requires Qt 5.9 and above)
[5]only with ubuntugis-unstable (3.4 requires GDAL2)
[6]3D requires Qt 5.9 and above

Add the lines for one of the repositories to your /etc/apt/sources.list:

deb     *repository* *codename* main
deb-src *repository* *codename* main

Example latest release for Debian unstable:

deb     https://qgis.org/debian unstable main
deb-src https://qgis.org/debian unstable main

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install qgis python3-qgis qgis-plugin-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it’s not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install qgis-server python3-qgis

Примечание

Пожалуйста, удалите все ранее установленные пакеты QGIS и GRASS перед выполнением обновления.

В случае ошибок сервера ключей добавьте публичного ключ репозитория qgis.org в связку ключей apt, выполнив:

wget -O - https://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2017.gpg.key | gpg --import
gpg --fingerprint CAEB3DC3BDF7FB45

Should output:

pub   2048R/BDF7FB45 2017-08-16 [expires: 2019-08-16]
      Key fingerprint = 61E0 A086 749E 463E DE50  2255 CAEB 3DC3 BDF7 FB45
uid                  QGIS Archive Automatic Signing Key (2017) <qgis-developer@lists.osgeo.org>
sub   2048R/E959BBCF 2017-08-16 [expires: 2019-08-16]

After you have verified the fingerprint you can add the key to apt with:

gpg --export --armor CAEB3DC3BDF7FB45 | sudo apt-key add -

Alternatively you can download the key from a keyserver and add the key to apt in one go (without manual fingerprint verification):

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-key CAEB3DC3BDF7FB45

Fedora

Получить пакеты для Fedora можно выполнив команду:

sudo dnf install qgis qgis-python qgis-grass qgis-server

Default Fedora software repositories often hold older versions of QGIS.

To have newer versions, you have to add alternative software repositories based on the version you want to install (stable, LTR or testing).

Стабильная версия

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it’s not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis

This repository also provides a copy of SAGA 2.3.1 compatible with Processing. It can be installed with the following commands:

sudo dnf install saga
Distribution Версия QGIS version GRASS GIS version with 3D
Fedora 28 3.6 7.4 yes
29 3.6 7.4 yes
30 3.6 7.6 yes

More information are available at https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis/

QGIS LTR (Long Term Release)

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis-ltr

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it’s not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis

This repository also provides a copy of SAGA 2.3.1 compatible with Processing. It can be installed with the following commands:

sudo dnf install saga
Distribution Версия QGIS version GRASS GIS version with 3D
Fedora 28 3.4 7.4 yes
29 3.4 7.4 yes
30 3.4 7.6 yes

More information are available at https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis-ltr/

Тестовая версия

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis-testing

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it’s not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis
Distribution Версия QGIS version GRASS GIS version with 3D
Fedora 28 3.7 7.4 yes
29 3.7 7.4 yes
30 3.7 7.6 yes
rawhide 3.7 7.6 yes

Testing builds are updated on a weekly basis. More information are available at https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis-testing/

RHEL, CentOS, Scientific Linux

QGIS 1.8

Воспользуйтесь репозиторием ELGIS: http://elgis.argeo.org/

Примечание

ELGIS требует подключения репозитория EPEL, более подробная информация доступна по ссылке http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Enterprise_Linux_GIS#Note_about_Fedora.2C_ELGIS_and_EPEL

openSUSE

Стабильная версия

Latest stable openSUSE package called qgis is available for 13.1, 13.2, Leap_42.1, Leap_42.2 and Tumbleweed (32 and 64bit). Add the following repository to your installation manager, where <VERSION> is for example „openSUSE_Tumbleweed“.

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/<VERSION>/

Все пакеты имеют поддержку GRASS и Python.

QGIS LTR (Long Term Release)

Long Term Release package for openSUSE called qgis-ltr is available for 13.1, 13.2, Leap_42.1, Leap_42.2 and Tumbleweed (32 and 64bit). Add the following repository to your installation manager, where <VERSION> is for example „openSUSE_Tumbleweed“.

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/<VERSION>/

Все пакеты имеют поддержку GRASS и Python.

Тестовая версия

A regularly updated development package from qgis master called qgis-master is available for 13.1, 13.2, Leap_42.1, Leap_42.2 and Tumbleweed (32 and 64bit). Add the following repository to your installation manager, where <VERSION> is for example „openSUSE_Tumbleweed“.

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/<VERSION>/

Все пакеты имеют поддержку GRASS и Python.

Mandriva

Стабильная версия

Текущая версия:

urpmi qgis-python qgis-grass

Slackware

Стабильная версия

Пакеты доступны на http://qgis.gotslack.org

ArchLinux

Стабильная версия

Archlinux is available in official repository : https://www.archlinux.org/packages/community/x86_64/qgis/

Install with :

pacman -S qgis

QGIS LTR

Qgis Long Term Release is available in AUR (Arch User Repository).

Install with yaourt or other package manager which support AUR :

yaourt -S qgis-ltr

For bugs and other behaviour, read comments here : https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/qgis-ltr/

Тестовая версия

Qgis testing is available in AUR (Arch User Repository).

Install with yaourt or other package manager which support AUR :

yaourt -S qgis-git

For bugs and other behaviour, read comments here : https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/qgis-git

Mac OS X / macOS

Installation instructions are in the ReadMe on the disk image. Downloads are on the QGIS download page.

QGIS current

The current QGIS package uses the python.org Python 3.6, at least version 3.6.5, the «macosx10.9» build - other distributions are not supported. Install packages in the numbered order. Especially note that Python must be installed before the GDAL Complete package and QGIS, else the GDAL and other needed Python modules will not be installed.

Стабильная версия

The stable package uses the system Python 2.7 - other distributions are not supported. It also requires the NumPy and Matplotlib packages on the disk image. Install packages in the numbered order. If an older major version is being upgraded (2.16 or older), delete QGIS.app from your Applications folder before installing this version.

Other Python modules for plugins to use are available from kyngchaos.com.

Standalone Installer

A standalone installer is available at https://lutraconsulting.github.io/qgis-mac-packager/.

FreeBSD

Стабильная версия

Чтобы собрать QGIS из бинарного пакета выполните

pkg install qgis

Тестовая версия

Чтобы собрать QGIS из исходных кодов во FreeBSD выполните

cd /usr/ports/graphics/qgis
make install clean

Note the warning.

Flatpak

There is an experimental QGIS flatpak for QGIS Stable available.

For general Linux Flatpak install notes, see https://flatpak.org/setup/

QGIS on Flathub: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.qgis.qgis

To install:

flatpak install --from  https://flathub.org/repo/appstream/org.qgis.qgis.flatpakref

Then to run:

flatpak run org.qgis.qgis

To update your flatpak QGIS:

flatpak update

Flathub files: https://github.com/flathub/org.qgis.qgis

Android

There is an experimental version available on google play store.

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.qgis.qgis

Предупреждение

There is currently no support for Android 5. Best support is given for Android 4.3 and 4.4.x. This is a direct port of the QGIS desktop application. It is only slightly optimized for touch devices and therefore needs to be carefully evaluated for its suitability in day-to-day use. There are other apps available which are designed and optimized specifically for touch devices.

QGIS Testing warning

Предупреждение

QGIS testing packages are provided for some platforms in addition to the QGIS stable version. QGIS testing contains unreleased software that is currently being worked on. They are only provided for testing purposes to early adopters to check if bugs have been resolved and that no new bugs have been introduced. Although we carefully try to avoid breakages, it may at any given time not work, or may do bad things to your data. Take care. You have been warned!

Installing from Source

Refer to the INSTALL guide on how to build and install QGIS from source for the different platforms.