Uso de GIS na equipe gráfica do Financial Times

Entrevista com Steven Bernard (Editor de Design Interativo)

Steven o Editor de Design Interativo do Financial Times. Você pode encontrá-lo no Twitter. Ele também publica vários vídeos tutoriais no Youtube para determinadas tarefas cartográficas em QGIS.

QGIS: Steven, qual o nome da equipe na qual você trabalha no FT? Você poderia nos dar um panorama sobre o que a sua equipe no FT está fazendo?

Steve: Nossa equipe está em um período de transição no momento, nós temos um novo editor de visualização de dados, Alan Smith OBE (antigamente da ONS), que está revolucionando as coisas e criando uma equipa gráfica única. Tradicionalmente nós tínhamos uma equipe gráfica web e uma equipe gráfica impressa. A equipe gráfica impressa seria a responsável por toda a arte gráfica do jornal, assim como pela criação de versões amigáveis para web dos mesmos. Minha equipe era responsável por todo o conteúdo exclusiva paro web, bem como trabalhar de perto com os produtores/desenvolvedores interativos no desenho de artes gráficas interativas.

A recém-formada equipe permitirá uma maior troca de habilidades entre as diferentes mídias.

Alan introduziu um fluxo de trabalho digital único para nossa equipe, incluindo utilizar d3 para auxiliar a criação de um vocabulário gráfico maior e reduzir o tempo que o mesmo leva para criar os visuais.

Migrant flows. Western Balkans route.

Exemplo: Fluxos migratórios. Rota das Balcãs Ocidentais.

QGIS: Há quantos colegas de trabalho na sua equipe?

Steven: Incluindo todos os designers, desenvolvedores, produtores e estatísticos nós temos uma equipe de 24

QGIS: Qual é o seu papel específico dentro da equipe?

Steven: We are a multi-disciplinary department so I don’t have a specific role as such. My role includes producing responsive designs for interactive graphics as well as doing the front-end development on the less complicated interactives (e.g. Inside Isis Inc: The journey of a barrel of oil). I also produce the standard news related charts and maps on a daily basis. Over the past two years I have been concentrating on developing our cartographic offerings at the FT. QGIS has been instrumental in changing how we produce maps, and in conjunction with other tools such Blender have helped me to be more creative with how we approach maps.

Dora's journey from Nigeria to Sicily - one of thousands by trafficked women each year

Exemplo: Animação da jornada de Dora da Nigéria para a Sicília - uma das milhares de mulheres traficadas todos os anos.

QGIS: Can you tell us a bit about yourself? What’s your educational background? What did you do before joining the data visualization team at FT?

Gotthard rail and road tunnel

Example: Gotthard rail and road tunnel in the Swiss Alps.

Steven: I am traditionally trained as scientific illustrator. What’s that I hear you ask? It involves producing illustrations for medical journals, natural history publications anything where you are trying to convey information visually where a photograph can’t. Think of diagrams showing the human circulatory system, or showing a procedure to fix a broken bone. Sadly there wasn’t much call for that kind of work when I left university and I basically fell into the job at the FT. I have always been good at maths, which I think is important when working with data visualisations, it has certainly helped me with my coding as well.

QGIS: Como você descobriu o QGIS?

Steven: I came across QGIS in 2013 when we were working on a project mapping the ethnicity of the Middle East

We used it to georeference maps that were created by a professor at Columbia University. At first I found it really tricky using the add feature drawing tool, probably because it was unlike anything I’d used in Adobe Illustrator for 17 years prior! I also found it frustrating that you had to save things twice, once when done editing the shapefile, then again to save the project. However, this was just down to inexperience with the program and in the end it did exactly what we needed, which was to produce shapefiles that we could add to a Mapbox base map.

QGIS: What’s the role of QGIS within your usual workflows?

Steve: O QGIS é agora uma parte integral dos nossos trabalhos de mapeamento. Eu não uso nenhuma outra ferramenta SIG para criar nossos mapas. Embora alguns membros da nossa equipe usem Map Publisher pois se sentem mais confortáveis usando o Adobe Illustrator. Eu diria que 80% dos nossos mapas são produzidos no QGIS.

Public Lands in the US

Exemplo: Terras públicas no Brasil.

QGIS: Que outras ferramentas você usa além do QGIS e como você combina eles?

Steven: If it is just a straightforward locator map 95% of the work is done in QGIS, with the final polishing done in Adobe Illustrator.

If I am doing a relief map, then the process is a lot more complex. I will retrieve DEM files from Nasa Earth Explorer, and bring them into QGIS to crop to size. I will then take the cropped DEM into Blender to create a 3D render. If I am using a satellite overlay on the hillshading then I will download a BlueMarble image from Nasa and take this into Blender as well. The exported render from Blender is then brought back into QGIS to use as a background layer. I may tweak it in Photoshop beforehand if necessary.

For responsive maps like those in the Isis oil story, I used all of the above tools but the final step is to use an open source Adobe Illustrator script developed by the New York Times’ Archie Tse. This allows me to create responsive versions of my maps that work on all devices.

Outra ferramenta útil é o Meus Mapas Google, que permite que repórteres ao redor do mundo marquem locais no mapa e então podemos baixar como um arquivo kmz e importar diretamente para o QGIS.

The final tool I use is Adobe After Effects as I have recently got into animating my maps to take the user on a journey. As used in the Land Rush series recently:

QGIS: Você utiliza outras ferramentas espaciais ou SIG além do QGIS, e se sim, quais?

Steven: QGIS all the way for me, but as mentioned above some of my colleagues use Map Publisher as well.

Strikes on Syria in February 2016

Exemplo: Greves na Síria em Fevereiro de 2016.

QGIS: Você pode descrever os prós e os contras do QGIS baseado nas tarefas que você tem que realizar?

Steven: When I first used QGIS I saw it as a specialist tool, fit for only dealing with specific tasks. I really didn’t see it a production tool. In late 2014 two of my colleagues went on a QGIS course held by Alasdair Rae at Sheffield University. They both enthused about how good QGIS was, so I took it upon myself to evaluate it as a tool that could be used to produce all our maps.

Within about two weeks I was convinced that it would be viable. The main selling point was the ability to set up style guides for everything including zoom level styling for street-level maps.

I have a system set up where we have sets of Google sheets with columns for name, lat, long, marker-icon, fontweight, fontsize and whether you want the marker visible or not.

The marker icon is a dropdown connected to a vLookUp table which fills in all the details for that marker.

So all I have to do is download the csv, import it into QGIS, apply a style and I have a map that is 95% ready to go.

To be perfectly honest I can’t think of any weaknesses, there are a couple of things that I would like to see or be able to do but, I don’t see that as a weakness, just a missing feature.

Urban Attraction and Migration within China

Exemplo: Atração Urbana e Migração na China.

QGIS: What are the concepts or features you like the most in QGIS?

Steven: There are numerous features that I would class as life savers! But primarily Quick OSM and Georeferencer have saved me so much time, this is absolutely essential when deadlines are tight. Which, when working for a news organisation, is usually 90% of the time.

Urban Attraction and Migration within China, Details

Example: Urban Attraction and Migration within China. Detail views.

QGIS: Quais funcionalidades do QGIS que você sente falta? Você tem uma lista de funcionalidades ausentes que ajudariam muito se fossem implementadas?

Steven: Algumas coisas que eu gostaria de ver nas próximas versões são…

Bezier curve support, this would be particularly useful in conjunction with Georeferencer. I know there is a spline plugin but it doesn’t give you the full control a bezier curve would.

Being able to save as image at larger file sizes. Currently this is the only way I can create a georeferenced crop of a DEM file to take into Blender. But it is limited to the size of your screen. If I had an 8,000 pixel DEM file loaded into QGIS I would like to be able to export the crop at a larger size than my screen for use in HD video for example.

QGIS: If you miss certain features in QGIS that would help you - would you consider improving QGIS yourself (with coding in QGIS core or Python plugins), or would you consider to hire a QGIS developer to implement the missing feature for you? Or would you instead look for other tools to fill in that gap?

Steven: I certainly don’t have the necessary skills to do the coding myself, I’m fairly proficient in Javascript but would struggle with Python. I would love to hire a developer to get features implemented but unfortunately I’m not in control of any budgets, so I use other tools to get around this.

Percentage of households with a broadband internet subscription in the US.

Example: Percentage of households with a broadband internet subscription in the US.

QGIS: Let’s talk about user experience - the QGIS team is aware that there are various places in the UI (dialogs, panels, etc) that could be improved a lot. Can you tell us a little bit where in the UI you see the biggest potential for a UI overhaul?

Steven: I think the main tools are fine as they are, once you are familiar with them they’re pretty obvious. However, one thing I do find a little frustrating is trying to hunt down a plugin once it’s been installed. They either create their own menu (MMQGIS), live under one of the menus (Georeferencer) or create their own icon (threejs). It would be handy to have a plugin window that has all installed plugins in it. Again this isn’t a deal breaker but would make it easier than hunting in several different locations.

QGIS: Thank you for your time and the work you do for promoting and documenting workflows in QGIS!

Portrait Steve Bernard

Portrait of Steve Bernard. Interactive Design Editor at Financial Times.

Steven: Um prazer, sou quase um evangelista do QGIS! Por isso os 31 vídeos tutoriais e estou sempre feliz por espalhar a palavra.

Entrevista por A. Neumann e T. Sutton. Abril, 2016.