QGIS asennukset

Kuinka hankin QGIS ohjelmiston?

QGIS on vapaasti saatavilla Windows, Linux, MacOS X, BSD, ja Android käyttöjärjestelmille.

Suosittelemme asentamaan julkaistun ohjelmiston paketit.

Tulevan julkaisun arvioimiseksi ja ei-kehittäjien tuelle kehittämisessä tarjoamme testipaketteja (huomaa varoitus).

Ominaisuuksien jäädytysvaiheessa joka edeltää julkaisua (katso Julkistusten suunnitelma) nämä paketit ovat tosiasiassa esijulkaisuja, joita erityisesti kehotamme käyttäjiä testaamaan.

Windows

Windows asennusta varten ole ystävällinen ja siirry Asennuksien lataukset sivulle.

Uusille käyttäjille suosittelemme itsenäistä asentajaa.

Edistyneemmät QGIS käyttäjät voivat käyttää OSGeo4W pakettia, joka tekee mahdolliseksi asentaa useita eri versiota rinnakkaisesti.

OSGeo4W kirjasto sisältää paljon OSGeo hankkeen ohjelmistoja. QGIS ja kaikki sen riippuvuudet ovat mukana, kuin myös Python, GRASS, GDAL, jne. Asentaja osaa toimia suoraan internetistä tai vain ladata etukäteen kaikki tarvittavat paketit. Ladatut tiedostot säilytetään paikallisessa hakemistossa tulevia asennuksia varten. Askeleet ovat:

  • Download OSGeo4W Installer and start it

  • Valitse Advanced Install,

  • siirry Desktop osioon

  • ja valitse yksi tai useampia seuraavista paketeista:

    Julkistus

    Versio

    Paketti

    Kuvaus

    Viimeisin julkistus

    3.24.x Tisler ​

    qgis

    Julkistus

    qgis-rel-dev 1

    Öisin koottava tulevaan alajulkaisuun

    Pitkäaikaisen julkaisun (LTR) paketoinnit

    3.22.x Białowieża LTR

    qgis-ltr

    Julkistus

    qgis-ltr-dev 1

    Öisin koottava tulevaan pitkäaikaisversion alajulkaisuun

    Kehitys

    3.25 master

    qgis-dev 1

    Öisin koottava kehitysversioon

1(1,2,3)

Nightlies are debug builds (including debugging output)

Before installing any of the nightly builds note the warning.

Muista

Älä sokeasti tee täyttä asennusta OSGeo4W:sta. Asenna ainoastaa QGIS ja ehkäpä joitain haluamiasi komponentteja. Riippuvuudet otetaan mukaan automaattisesti. Täydellinen asennus vetää komponentteja jotka tarvitsevat kolmannen osapuolen lisäyksiä ja ne tulee asentaa käsin. Nämä komponentit tekevät asennuksen käyttökelvottomaksi ilman näitä lisäyksiä.

Linux

Most linux distributions split QGIS into several packages; you’ll probably need qgis and qgis-python (to run plugins). Packages like qgis-grass (or qgis-plugin-grass), qgis-server can be skipped initially, or installed only when you need them.

Alta löydät ohjeet jakelukohtaisiin asennuksiin. Useimmille jakeluille löytyvät ohjeet tuotannollisen QGIS version asennukseen sekä ohjeet viimeisimmän QGIS testaus version kääntämiseen (katso varoitus).

Debian/Ubuntu

Pikaopas

Muista

In the section following this one, you will find ALL possible options to install different versions of QGIS in different versions of Debian/Ubuntu. If you have problems, verify there whether your distribution is still supported as the repositories also contain older unsupported distributions with the last QGIS version that was supported. Beware that those might have meanwhile ceased to work.

Here you will simply install the latest stable QGIS (3.24.x Tisler) in your Debian or Ubuntu without having to edit config files.

Muista

Although you see ’Debian’ in some places, this also works for ’Ubuntu’, as one is actually a symlink to the other on our server.

First install some tools you will need for this instructions:

sudo apt install gnupg software-properties-common

Now install the QGIS Signing Key, so QGIS software from the QGIS repo will be trusted and installed:

wget -qO - https://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2021.gpg.key | sudo gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring gnupg-ring:/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg --import
sudo chmod a+r /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg

Add the QGIS repo for the latest stable QGIS (3.24.x Tisler).

Note: ”lsb_release -c -s” in those lines will return your distro name:

sudo add-apt-repository "deb https://qgis.org/ubuntu $(lsb_release -c -s) main"

Update your repository information to reflect also the just added QGIS one:

sudo apt update

Now, install QGIS:

sudo apt install qgis qgis-plugin-grass

Muista

Add ’qgis-server’ to this line if you also want to install QGIS Server

Repositories

Oletus Debian ja Ubuntun ohjelmakirjastoista sisältävät usein vanhemman version QGISistä.

Halutessasi uudemman version, Sinun on lisättävä vaihtoehtoinen ohjelmistokirjasto, lisäämällä yhden allaolevista deb-riveistä Sinun /etc/apt/sources.list tiedostoon.

Our main repository contains multiple lines of packages for several versions of Debian and Ubuntu based on the dependencies the individual distributions provide.

For Ubuntu we also used to have extra packages in a separate repository that are based on ubuntugis, which held more uptodate versions of other GIS packages than Ubuntu itself for LTS versions. If you want those you also need to include ubuntugis-unstable ppa in your /etc/apt/sources.list file (see ubuntugis documentation).

Muista

The release packages are only produced once shortly after a new version has been released. As unstable, not yet released debian versions (testing) and ubuntugis-unstable can have library changes the packages might sooner or later be broken for these targets, when the development in debian, ubuntu or ubuntugis-unstable moves on and their packages used as dependencies in qgis change. In that event you can either

  • move to a stable debian version and use the released packages for it,

  • wait for the next point release (due 2022-06-17 12:00:00 UTC), which happens every month and will include the updated dependencies,

  • switch to a nightly repository (available for the two release branches and master) whose packages are rebuild on regular basis and will also pickup the updated dependencies automatically or

  • build your own set of packages (see build-debian-packages).

Lines of packages:

Julkistus

Versio

Kuvaus

Etäkirjasto

Viimeisin julkistus

3.24.x Tisler ​

Release for Debian and Ubuntu

https://qgis.org/debian https://qgis.org/ubuntu

Release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis

Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu 5

https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-release https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly-release

Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies 5

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-release

Pitkäaikaisen julkaisun (LTR) paketoinnit

3.22.x Białowieża LTR

Release for Debian and Ubuntu

https://qgis.org/debian-ltr https://qgis.org/ubuntu-ltr

Release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-ltr

Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu 5

https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-ltr https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly-ltr

Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies 5

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-ltr

Kehitysversio

3.25 master

Nightly build for Debian and Ubuntu 5

https://qgis.org/debian-nightly https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly

Nightly build with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies 5

https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly

5(1,2,3,4,5,6)

nightlies are debug builds (including debug output)

Next point release: 2022-06-17 12:00:00 UTC
Next release: 2022-06-17 12:00:00 UTC
(more dates see Release Schedule on Tiekartta)

Supported distribution versions:

Jakelu

Versio

Koodinimi

Also available based on ubuntugis-unstable dependencies?

Debian

11.x (stable)

bullseye

epävakaa

sid

Ubuntu

22.04 (LTS)

jammy

21.10

impish

21.04 (LTS)

hirsute

20.04 (LTS)

focal

kyllä

Add the lines for one of the repositories to your /etc/apt/sources.list:

deb     *repository* *codename* main
deb-src *repository* *codename* main

Example latest release for Debian unstable:

deb     https://qgis.org/debian unstable main
deb-src https://qgis.org/debian unstable main

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install qgis qgis-plugin-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server, type:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install qgis-server --no-install-recommends --no-install-suggests
# if you want to install server Python plugins
apt install python-qgis

Muista

Ole ystävällinen ja poista kaikki QGIS ja GRASS paketit jotka olet mahdollisesti asentanut muista etäkirjastoista ennenkuin teet päivityksen.

Kun kyseessä on avainpalvelin virhe lisää qgis.org etäkirjaston julkinen avain sinun apt keyring:iin, kirjoita:

wget -O - https://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2021.gpg.key | gpg --import
gpg --fingerprint 46B5721DBBD2996A

Tulisi antaa tulosteeksi:

pub   rsa4096 2021-08-09 [SCEA] [expires: 2022-08-09]
      2445 D6B2 54DA C452 A498  989E 46B5 721D BBD2 996A
uid           [ultimate] QGIS Archive Automatic Signing Key (2021) <qgis-developer@lists.osgeo.org>

Kun olet todentanut sormenjäljen voit lisätä avaimen apt’iin kera:

gpg --export --armor 46B5721DBBD2996A | sudo gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring gnupg-ring:/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg --import
sudo chmod a+r /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg

Alternatively you can download the key from a keyserver and add the key to apt in without manual fingerprint verification:

wget -qO - https://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2021.gpg.key | sudo gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring gnupg-ring:/etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg --import
sudo chmod a+r /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/qgis-archive.gpg

Fedora

Hanki paketit Fedoraan kirjoittamalla:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass qgis-server

Default Fedora software repositories often hold older versions of QGIS.

To have newer versions or the latest LTR, you have to add alternative software repositories based on the version you want to install (stable, LTR or testing).

QGIS tuotantoversio

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it’s not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis

Jakelu

Versio

QGIS versio

GRASS GIS versio

Fedora

33

3.22

7.8

34

3.22

7.8

35

3.22

7.8

Lisätietoja: https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis/

QGIS LTR (Pitkäaikainen julkaisu)

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis-ltr

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it’s not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis

Jakelu

Versio

QGIS versio

GRASS GIS versio

Fedora

33

3.16

7.8

34

3.16

7.8

35

3.16

7.8

Lisätietoja: https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis-ltr/

SUSE / openSUSE

Latest stable and LTR packages called qgis and qgis-ltr are available in the following repositories:

Jakelu

Etäkirjasto

Tumbleweed

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Tumbleweed/

Leap 15.2

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Leap_15.2/

Leap 15.1

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Leap_15.1/

Factory ARM

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Factory_ARM/

Factory PowerPC

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/openSUSE_Factory_PowerPC/

SLE 15 SP1 Backports

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/SLE_15_SP1_Backports/

SLE 15 SP1 Backports debug

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/SLE_15_SP1_Backports_debug/

Kaikki paketit sisältävät GRASS ja Python tuen.

All openSUSE Geo repositories can be found here: https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/

Mandriva

QGIS tuotantoversio

Nykyinen:

urpmi qgis-python qgis-grass

Slackware

QGIS tuotantoversio

Packages on https://slackbuilds.org/result/?search=qgis

Arch Linux

QGIS tuotantoversio

Arch Linux is available in official repository : https://www.archlinux.org/packages/community/x86_64/qgis/

Install with:

pacman -S qgis

QGIS LTR

QGIS Long Term Release is available in AUR (Arch User Repository).

Install with yaourt or other package manager which support AUR:

yaourt -S qgis-ltr

For bugs and other behaviour, read comments here : https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/qgis-ltr/

QGIS testaus

QGIS testing is available in AUR (Arch User Repository).

Install with yaourt or other package manager which support AUR:

yaourt -S qgis-git

For bugs and other behaviour, read comments here : https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/qgis-git

Flatpak

There is an QGIS flatpak for QGIS Stable available, maintained by the flathub community.

For general Linux Flatpak install notes, see https://flatpak.org/setup/

QGIS on Flathub: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.qgis.qgis

Asenna:

flatpak install --from  https://flathub.org/repo/appstream/org.qgis.qgis.flatpakref

Then to run:

flatpak run org.qgis.qgis

To update your flatpak QGIS:

flatpak update

On certain distributions, you may also need to install xdg-desktop-portal or xdg-desktop-portal-gtk packages in order for file dialogs to appear.

Flathub files: https://github.com/flathub/org.qgis.qgis and report issues here: https://github.com/flathub/org.qgis.qgis/issues

Note: if you need to install additional Python modules, because they are needed by a plugin, you can install the module with (here installing the urllib3 module):

flatpak run --devel --command=pip3 org.qgis.qgis install urllib3 --user

Mac OS X / macOS

Official All-in-one, signed installers for macOS High Sierra (10.13) and newer can be downloaded from the QGIS download page.

Alternative builds supporting macOS High Sierra (10.13) and newer are available from kyngchaos.com

QGIS kehitysversio

A nightly updated standalone installer from QGIS master can be downloaded from here.

Vanhat julkaisut

Previous releases of the official installer can be downloaded from https://qgis.org/downloads/macOS/.

Previous releases of the kyngchaos installer can be downloaded from https://www.kyngchaos.com/software/archive/. The oldest installers support macOS 10.4 Tiger.

FreeBSD

QGIS tuotantoversio

To install QGIS from binary packages type

pkg install qgis

Or to customize compilation options, you can build it from FreeBSD ports

cd /usr/ports/graphics/qgis
make install clean

QGIS LTR

To install QGIS from binary packages type

pkg install qgis-ltr

Or to customize compilation options, you can build it from FreeBSD ports

cd /usr/ports/graphics/qgis-ltr
make install clean

Android

An old and deprecated not touch optimised release of QGIS for Android can be found on the google play store.

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.qgis.qgis

Varoitus

There is currently no support for Android 5. Best support is given for Android 4.3 and 4.4.x. This is a direct port of the QGIS desktop application. It is only slightly optimized for touch devices and therefore needs to be carefully evaluated for its suitability in day-to-day use. There are other apps available which are designed and optimized specifically for touch devices.

QGIS testausvaroitus

Varoitus

Eräät jakelut tarjoavat QGIS testauspaketit QGIS tuotannollisen paketit lisäksi. QGIS testauspakaetti sisältää julkaisemattoman ohjelmiston jonka kanssa työskennellään paraikaa. Paketit tarjotaan ainoastaan testaukseen varhaisille tulevan version käyttäjille virheiden tarkistamista varten ja ettei uusia virheitä ole ilmaantunut. Vaikka me huolellisesti yrittämme välttää toiminnallisia virheitä, ohjelma voi milloin tahansa olla toimimatta, tai se voi tehdä pahaa tiedoillesi. Koita pärjätä! Sinua on varoitettu!

Asenna lähdekoodista

Refer to INSTALL on how to build and install QGIS from source for the different platforms.