Instaladores de QGIS

¿Cómo obtengo QGIS?

QGIS está disponible gratuitamente para Windows, Linux, MacOS X, BSD y Android.

Recomendamos instalar los paquetes del software publicado.

Para evaluar el lanzamiento venidero y permitir a no-desarrolladores de apoyar el desarrollo también proveemos paquetes de prueba (nótese la advertencia).

In the feature frozen phase preceding a release (see Cronograma de lanzamiento) these packages are effectively pre-releases, which we strongly urge users to test.

Windows

Para los instaladores de Windows por favor ve a The main installers page.

Para usuarios nuevos recomendamos los instaladores independientes

For more advanced QGIS users you can use OSGeo4W packages, which make it possible to install several versions in parallel.

The OSGeo4W repository contains a lot of software from OSGeo projects. QGIS and all dependencies are included, along with Python, GRASS, GDAL, etc. The installer is able to install from internet or just download all needed packages beforehand. The downloaded files are kept in a local directory for future installations. Steps are:

  • Download OSGeo4W Installer (32 bit or 64 bit) and start it

  • Selecciona Advanced Install,

  • navigate to the Desktop section

  • y seleccione uno o más de los siguientes paquetes:

    Lanzamiento Versión Paquete Descripción
    Latest Release 2.18.x Las Palmas (new LTR) qgis Lanzamiento
    qgis-rel-dev [1] Nightly build of the upcoming point release
    Long Term Release Repository 2.14.x Essen (previous LTR) qgis-ltr Lanzamiento
    qgis-ltr-dev [2] Nightly build of the upcoming point long term release
    Desarrollo 2.99 master qgis-dev [3] Armado nocturno de la versión en desarrollo
[1]Latest release nightlies SHA: 32 bit, 64 bit
[2]Latest long-term release nightlies SHA: 32 bit, 64 bit
[3]Master nightlies SHA: 32 bit, 64 bit

For users that cannot use OSGeo4W for some reason or just prefer it there is also a weekly snapshot of qgis-dev from OSGeo4W as standalone installer (taken on monday). In the feature freeze phase that also acts as release candidate.

Nótese la advertencia.

Nota

Don’t blindly do a full install of OSGeo4W. Only install QGIS and maybe other components you like. Dependencies will be included automatically. A full install pulls in components that require third party additions, which need to be installed manually. These components render the installation unusable without those additions.

Linux

Most linux distributions split QGIS into several packages; you’ll probably need qgis and qgis-python (to run plugins). Packages like qgis-grass (or qgis-plugin-grass), qgis-server can be skipped initially, or installed only when you need them.

Below you find instructions to install per distribution. For most distro’s there are instructions to install QGIS stable and instructions to install a cutting edge QGIS testing build (note the warning).

Debian/Ubuntu

Los repositorios predeterminados de software Debian y Ubuntu a menudo guardan versión más antiguas de QGIS.

To have newer versions, you have to add alternative software repositories, by adding one of the deb-lines below to your /etc/apt/sources.list file.

Our main repository contains multiple lines of packages for several versions of Debian and Ubuntu based on the dependencies the individual distributions provide.

For Ubuntu we also have extra packages in a separate repository that are based on ubuntugis (https://launchpad.net/~ubuntugis), which holds more uptodate versions of other GIS packages than Ubuntu itself. If you want those you also need to include ubuntugis ppa in your /etc/apt/sources.list file.

Líneas de paquetes:

Lanzamiento Versión Descripción Repositorio
Latest Release 2.18.x Las Palmas (new LTR) Release for Debian and Ubuntu http://qgis.org/debian
Lanzamiento con dependencias ubuntugis http://qgis.org/ubuntugis
Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu http://qgis.org/debian-nightly-release
Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis dependencies http://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-release
Long Term Release Repository 2.14.x Essen (previous LTR) Release for Debian and Ubuntu http://qgis.org/debian-ltr
Lanzamiento con dependencias ubuntugis http://qgis.org/ubuntugis-ltr
Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu http://qgis.org/debian-nightly-ltr
Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis dependencies http://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-ltr
Versión de Desarrollo 2.99.x master [4] Nightly build for Debian and Ubuntu [5] http://qgis.org/debian-nightly
Construcciones nocturnas con dependencias ubuntugis http://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly

Versiones de distribución soportadas:

Distribución Versión Nombre código También disponible en base a dependencias ubuntugis?
Debian 8.x jessie  
testing stretch
no estable sid
Ubuntu 17.04 zesty [8]  
16.04 (LTS) xenial [5] si
14.04 (LTS) trusty si
12.04 (LTS) precise [6] yes [7]
[4]only starting with Debian Stretch and Ubuntu Xenial (due to libqca not available for Qt5 in trusty)
[5](1, 2) master for Xenial only available for ubuntugis (plain Xenial lacks GDAL 2)
[6]discontinued since QGIS 2.8.x (due to dependency on GEOS 3.4 not available in precise)
[7]only up to QGIS 2.14.x (due to dependency to GDAL >=1.11 not available in precise ubuntugis)
[8]starting with QGIS 2.18.7

Adicione las líneas para uno de los repositorios a su /etc/apt/sources.list:

deb     *repository* *codename* main
deb-src *repository* *codename* main

Ejemplo último lanzamiento para Debian jessie:

deb     http://qgis.org/debian jessie main
deb-src http://qgis.org/debian jessie main

Si usa uno de nuestros repositorios basados en ubuntugis también necesitará adicional la siguiente línea:

deb     http://ppa.launchpad.net/ubuntugis/ubuntugis-unstable/ubuntu *codename* main

Después de este tipo:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install qgis python-qgis qgis-plugin-grass

Nota

Por favor remueve todos los paquetes de QGIS y grass que hayas instalado desde otros repositorios antes de realizar la actualización.

En caso de errores de llave en el servidor, añade la llave pública del repositorio de qgis.org a tu llavero, escribe:

wget -O - http://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2016.gpg.key | gpg --import
gpg --fingerprint 073D307A618E5811

Debería salir:

pub   2048R/618E5811 2016-08-17 [expires: 2017-08-17]
      Key fingerprint = 942D 6AD5 DF3E 75DE A9AF  72B2 073D 307A 618E 5811
uid                  QGIS Archive Automatic Signing Key (2016) <qgis-developer@lists.osgeo.org>
sub   2048R/D34A963D 2016-08-17

Después de que haya verificado la huella digital puede agregar la llave a apt con:

gpg --export --armor 073D307A618E5811 | sudo apt-key add -

Alternativamente puede descargar la llave de un servidor de llaves y agregar la llave al apt en un sólo go (sin verificación manual de huella digital):

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-key 073D307A618E5811

Fedora

Versión estable de QGIS

Obtén paquetes para cualquier versión de Fedora digitando:

sudo dnf update
sudo dnf install qgis qgis-python qgis-grass qgis-server

There is an alternative repository for QGIS which provides new LTR versions https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/neteler/QGIS-2.14-Essen/

sudo dnf copr enable neteler/liblas
sudo dnf copr enable neteler/grass70
sudo dnf copr enable neteler/QGIS-2.14-Essen

sudo dnf install qgis qgis-grass qgis-python

For QGIS 2.18 use there is another repository

sudo dnf copr enable neteler/liblas
sudo dnf copr enable neteler/grass70
sudo dnf copr enable neteler/QGIS-2.18-Las-Palmas

sudo dnf install qgis qgis-grass qgis-python

RHEL, CentOS, Scientific Linux

QGIS 1.8

Prueba el repositorio ELGIS: http://elgis.argeo.org/

Nota

ELGIS requiere el repositorio EPEL habilitado, consulta (en inglés) http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Enterprise_Linux_GIS#Note_about_Fedora.2C_ELGIS_and_EPEL

Versión estable de QGIS

QGIS stable can be installed from an alternative repository. Python support is strongly limited due to old dependencies. Note: It requires, that ELGIS and EPEL are also installed.

sudo wget fedora.vitu.ch/EL/qgis.repo -P /etc/yum.repos.d/
sudo rpm --import http://fedora.vitu.ch/Fedora/RPM-GPG-Key-vitu
sudo yum update
sudo yum install qgis qgis-python qgis-grass qgis-mapserver

openSUSE

Versión estable de QGIS

Latest stable openSUSE package called qgis is available for 13.1, 13.2, Leap_42.1, Leap_42.2 and Tumbleweed (32 and 64bit). Add the following repository to your installation manager together with the openSUSE VERSION you work with (e.g. openSUSE_13.2).

http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/<VERSION>/

Todos los paquetes incluyen soporte para GRASS y Python.

QGIS LTR (Lanzamiento de largo plazo)

Long Term Release package for openSUSE called qgis-ltr is available for 13.1, 13.2, Leap_42.1, Leap_42.2 and Tumbleweed (32 and 64bit). Add the following repository to your installation manager together with the openSUSE VERSION you work with (e.g. openSUSE_13.2).

http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/<VERSION>/

Todos los paquetes incluyen soporte para GRASS y Python.

Versiones de prueba de QGIS

A regularly updated development package from qgis master called qgis-master is available for 13.1, 13.2, Leap_42.1, Leap_42.2 and Tumbleweed (32 and 64bit). Add the following repository to your installation manager together with the openSUSE VERSION you work with (e.g. openSUSE_13.2).

http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/<VERSION>/

Todos los paquetes incluyen soporte para GRASS y Python.

Mandriva

Versión estable de QGIS

Actual:

urpmi qgis-python qgis-grass

Slackware

Versión estable de QGIS

Paquetes en http://qgis.gotslack.org

ArchLinux

Invitamos a los usuarios de Archlinux a usar el Arch User Repository (AUR)

La información acerca de nuevas versiones, bugs e instrucciones específicas para archlinux las puedes encontrar en: https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/?O=0&K=qgis

MacOS X

A single installer package is available for Mountain Lion (10.7) and newer.

Versión estable de QGIS

Installing QGIS stable on MacOS requires separate installation of several dependency frameworks (GDAL Complete and GSL). GRASS http://www.kyngchaos.com/software/grass is supported with this version. Some common Python modules http://www.kyngchaos.com/software/python are also available for common QGIS plugin requirements.

La página de descarga de QGIS en KyngChaos http://www.kyngchaos.com/software/qgis (los requerimientos generales están listados ahí) tiene más información.

Versiones de prueba de QGIS

Versiones de QGIS testeo (creadas cada noche) en http://qgis.dakotacarto.com son proporcionadas por Dakota Cartography.

Nótese la advertencia.

FreeBSD

Versión estable de QGIS

Para compilar QGIS a partir de paquetes binarios, escribe:

pkg install qgis

Versiones de prueba de QGIS

Para compilar QGIS a partir de fuentes en FreeBSD tienes que escribir:

cd /usr/ports/graphics/qgis
make install clean

Nótese la advertencia.

Android

Existe una versión experimental disponible en google play store.

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.qgis.qgis

Advertencia

There is currently no support for Android 5. Best support is given for Android 4.3 and 4.4.x. This is a direct port of the QGIS desktop application. It is only slightly optimized for touch devices and therefore needs to be carefully evaluated for its suitability in day-to-day use. There are other apps available which are designed and optimized specifically for touch devices.

Advertencia de Prueba QGIS

Advertencia

QGIS testing packages are provided for some platforms in addition to the QGIS stable version. QGIS testing contains unreleased software that is currently being worked on. They are only provided for testing purposes to early adopters to check if bugs have been resolved and that no new bugs have been introduced. Although we carefully try to avoid breakages, it may at any given time not work, or may do bad things to your data. Take care. You have been warned!