Instaladores de QGIS

¿Cómo obtengo QGIS?

QGIS está disponible gratuitamente para Windows, Linux, MacOS X, BSD y Android.

Recomendamos instalar los paquetes del software publicado.

Para evaluar el lanzamiento venidero y permitir a no-desarrolladores de apoyar el desarrollo también proveemos paquetes de prueba (nótese la advertencia).

In the feature frozen phase preceding a release (see Cronograma de lanzamiento) these packages are effectively pre-releases, which we strongly urge users to test.

Windows

Para los instaladores de Windows por favor ve a The main installers page.

Para usuarios nuevos recomendamos los instaladores independientes

Para usuarios QGIS más avanzados usted puede usar el paquete OSGeo4W, que hace posible instalar varias versiones en paralelo.

El repositorio de OSGeo4W contiene una buena cantidad de software de los proyectos de OSGeo. QGIS y todas sus dependencias están incluídas junto con Python, GRASS, GDAL, etc. El instalador es capaz de instalar desde internet o simplemente descargar de antemano los paquetes. Los archivos descargados se guardan en un directorio local para instalaciones futuras. Los pasos son:

  • Descargar instalador OSGeo4W (32 bit o 64 bit) y comenzar

  • Selecciona Advanced Install,

  • navegar a la sección Desktop

  • y seleccione uno o más de los siguientes paquetes:

    Lanzamiento Versión Paquete Descripción
    Latest Release 3.4.x Madeira (new LTR) qgis Lanzamiento
    qgis-rel-dev [1] Nightly build of the upcoming point release
    Long Term Release Repository 2.18.x Las Palmas (old LTR) qgis-ltr Lanzamiento
    qgis-ltr-dev [2] Nightly build of the upcoming point long term release
    Desarrollo 3.5 master qgis-dev [3] Armado nocturno de la versión en desarrollo
[1]Latest release nightlies SHA: 32 bit, 64 bit
[2]Latest long-term release nightlies SHA: 32 bit, 64 bit
[3]Master nightlies SHA: 32 bit, 64 bit

For users that cannot use OSGeo4W for some reason or just prefer it there is also a weekly snapshot of qgis-dev from OSGeo4W as standalone installer (taken on monday). In the feature freeze phase that also acts as release candidate.

Nótese la advertencia.

Nota

Don’t blindly do a full install of OSGeo4W. Only install QGIS and maybe other components you like. Dependencies will be included automatically. A full install pulls in components that require third party additions, which need to be installed manually. These components render the installation unusable without those additions.

Linux

Most linux distributions split QGIS into several packages; you’ll probably need qgis and qgis-python (to run plugins). Packages like qgis-grass (or qgis-plugin-grass), qgis-server can be skipped initially, or installed only when you need them.

Más abajo puedes ver la instrucciones para instalación según distribuciones. Para más distribuciones hay instrucciones de instalación para la versión estable de QGIS y la versión más actual de QGIS testeo (¡pero ten en cuenta el aviso más arriba!).

Debian/Ubuntu

Los repositorios predeterminados de software Debian y Ubuntu a menudo guardan versión más antiguas de QGIS.

Para tener versiones nuevas, tienes que añadir repositorios alternativos de software, añade una de las líneas deb más abajo a tu archivo /etc/apt/sources.list. O añade estos repositorios mediante la UI de tu software de instalación de Ubuntu favorito.

Our main repository contains multiple lines of packages for several versions of Debian and Ubuntu based on the dependencies the individual distributions provide.

For Ubuntu we also have extra packages in a separate repository that are based on ubuntugis, which holds more uptodate versions of other GIS packages than Ubuntu itself. If you want those you also need to include ubuntugis-unstable ppa in your /etc/apt/sources.list file (see ubuntugis documentation).

Nota

Los paquetes sólo se producen una vez poco después de que una nueva versión ha sido publicada. Como las versiones inestables y aún no publicadas de Debian pueden tener cambios en bibliotecas, los paquetes podrían romperse tarde o temprano, cuando el desarrollo en debian sigue adelante. Si ese es el caso, puedes pasar a una versión estable de Debian y usar los paquetes publicados para es versión, reconstruirlos paquetes para el estado actual de debian (consulte INSTALL) o cambiar a los paquetes de testeo que son recreados de manera regular.

  • move to a stable debian version and use the released packages for it,
  • wait for the next point release (due 2018-11-23 12:00:00 UTC), which happens every month and will include the updated dependencies,
  • switch to a nightly repository (available for the two release branches and master) whose packages are rebuild on regular basis and will also pickup the updated dependencies automatically or
  • build your own set of packages (see INSTALL).

Líneas de paquetes:

Lanzamiento Versión Descripción Repositorio
Latest Release 3.4.x Madeira (new LTR) Versión para ** Debian y Ubuntu ** https://qgis.org/debian https://qgis.org/ubuntu
Release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis
Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-release https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly-release
Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-release
Long Term Release Repository 2.18.x Las Palmas (old LTR) Versión para ** Debian y Ubuntu ** https://qgis.org/debian-ltr https://qgis.org/ubuntu-ltr
Release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-ltr
Nightly build of upcoming point release for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian-nightly-ltr https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly-ltr
Nightly build of upcoming point release with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly-ltr
Versión de Desarrollo 3.5 master Nightly build for Debian and Ubuntu https://qgis.org/debian-nightly https://qgis.org/ubuntu-nightly
Nightly build with ubuntugis-unstable dependencies https://qgis.org/ubuntugis-nightly
Next point release: 2018-11-23 12:00:00 UTC
Next release: 2019-02-22 12:00:00 UTC
(more dates see Release Schedule on Hoja de Ruta)

Versiones de distribución soportadas:

Distribución Versión Nombre código Also available based on ubuntugis-unstable dependencies? with 3D [6]
Debian 8.x jessie [4]    
9.x estirar    
10.x buster    
sid no estable    
Ubuntu 18.04 bionic   si
17.10 artful   si
16.04 (LTS) xenial [5] si  
14.04 (LTS) trusty [4] si  
[4](1, 2) only up to 2.18 LTR
[5]3.0 and above only available with ubuntugis-unstable (plain xenial lacks GDAL2)
[6]only with Qt >= 5.9 including Qt 3DExtras (the latter is currently not included in Debian)

Adicione las líneas para uno de los repositorios a su /etc/apt/sources.list:

deb     *repository* *codename* main
deb-src *repository* *codename* main

Example latest release for Debian stretch:

deb     https://qgis.org/debian stretch main
deb-src https://qgis.org/debian stretch main

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install qgis python-qgis qgis-plugin-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it’s not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install qgis-server python-qgis

Nota

Por favor remueve todos los paquetes de QGIS y grass que hayas instalado desde otros repositorios antes de realizar la actualización.

En caso de errores de llave en el servidor, añade la llave pública del repositorio de qgis.org a tu llavero, escribe:

wget -O - https://qgis.org/downloads/qgis-2017.gpg.key | gpg --import
gpg --fingerprint CAEB3DC3BDF7FB45

Debería salir:

pub   2048R/BDF7FB45 2017-08-16 [expires: 2019-08-16]
      Key fingerprint = 61E0 A086 749E 463E DE50  2255 CAEB 3DC3 BDF7 FB45
uid                  QGIS Archive Automatic Signing Key (2017) <qgis-developer@lists.osgeo.org>
sub   2048R/E959BBCF 2017-08-16 [expires: 2019-08-16]

Después de que haya verificado la huella digital puede agregar la llave a apt con:

gpg --export --armor CAEB3DC3BDF7FB45 | sudo apt-key add -

Alternativamente puede descargar la llave de un servidor de llaves y agregar la llave al apt en un sólo go (sin verificación manual de huella digital):

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-key CAEB3DC3BDF7FB45

Fedora

Obtén paquetes para cualquier versión de Fedora digitando:

sudo dnf install qgis qgis-python qgis-grass qgis-server

Default Fedora software repositories often hold older versions of QGIS.

To have newer versions, you have to add alternative software repositories based on the version you want to install (stable, LTR or testing).

Versión estable de QGIS

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it’s not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis
Distribución Versión QGIS version GRASS GIS version with 3D
Fedora 27 3.4 7.4 si
28 3.4 7.4 si
29 3.4 7.4 si

More information are available at https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis/

QGIS LTR (Lanzamiento de largo plazo)

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis-ltr

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python2-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it’s not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python2-qgis

This repository also provides a copy of SAGA compatible with QGIS 2.18. It can be installed with the following commands:

sudo dnf install saga python2-saga
Distribución Versión QGIS version GRASS GIS version SAGA version
Fedora 27 2.18 7.4 2.3.1
28 2.18 7.4 2.3.1

More information are available at https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis-ltr/

Versiones de prueba de QGIS

Enable the repository:

sudo dnf copr enable dani/qgis-testing

After that type the commands below to install QGIS:

sudo dnf install qgis python3-qgis qgis-grass

In case you would like to install QGIS Server (note that it’s not a common practice to install both client and server applications on the same machine), type:

sudo dnf install qgis-server python3-qgis
Distribución Versión QGIS version GRASS GIS version with 3D
Fedora 27 3.5 7.4 si
28 3.5 7.4 si
29 3.5 7.4 si
rawhide 3.5 7.4 si

Testing builds are updated on a weekly basis. More information are available at https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/dani/qgis-testing/

RHEL, CentOS, Scientific Linux

QGIS 1.8

Prueba el repositorio ELGIS: http://elgis.argeo.org/

Nota

ELGIS requiere el repositorio EPEL habilitado, consulta (en inglés) http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Enterprise_Linux_GIS#Note_about_Fedora.2C_ELGIS_and_EPEL

openSUSE

Versión estable de QGIS

Latest stable openSUSE package called qgis is available for 13.1, 13.2, Leap_42.1, Leap_42.2 and Tumbleweed (32 and 64bit). Add the following repository to your installation manager, where <VERSION> is for example “openSUSE_Tumbleweed”.

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/<VERSION>/

Todos los paquetes incluyen soporte para GRASS y Python.

QGIS LTR (Lanzamiento de largo plazo)

Long Term Release package for openSUSE called qgis-ltr is available for 13.1, 13.2, Leap_42.1, Leap_42.2 and Tumbleweed (32 and 64bit). Add the following repository to your installation manager, where <VERSION> is for example “openSUSE_Tumbleweed”.

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/<VERSION>/

Todos los paquetes incluyen soporte para GRASS y Python.

Versiones de prueba de QGIS

A regularly updated development package from qgis master called qgis-master is available for 13.1, 13.2, Leap_42.1, Leap_42.2 and Tumbleweed (32 and 64bit). Add the following repository to your installation manager, where <VERSION> is for example “openSUSE_Tumbleweed”.

https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Application:/Geo/<VERSION>/

Todos los paquetes incluyen soporte para GRASS y Python.

Mandriva

Versión estable de QGIS

Actual:

urpmi qgis-python qgis-grass

Slackware

Versión estable de QGIS

Paquetes en http://qgis.gotslack.org

ArchLinux

Versión estable de QGIS

Archlinux is available in official repository : https://www.archlinux.org/packages/community/x86_64/qgis/

Install with :

pacman -S qgis

QGIS LTR

Qgis Long Term Release is available in AUR (Arch User Repository).

Install with yaourt or other package manager which support AUR :

yaourt -S qgis-ltr

For bugs and other behaviour, read comments here : https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/qgis-ltr/

Versiones de prueba de QGIS

Qgis testing is available in AUR (Arch User Repository).

Install with yaourt or other package manager which support AUR :

yaourt -S qgis-git

For bugs and other behaviour, read comments here : https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/qgis-git

Mac OS X / macOS

Installation instructions are in the ReadMe on the disk image. Downloads are on the QGIS download page.

QGIS current

The current QGIS package uses the python.org Python 3.6, at least version 3.6.5, the «macosx10.9» build - other distributions are not supported. Install packages in the numbered order. Especially note that Python must be installed before the GDAL Complete package and QGIS, else the GDAL and other needed Python modules will not be installed.

Versión estable de QGIS

The stable package uses the system Python 2.7 - other distributions are not supported. It also requires the NumPy and Matplotlib packages on the disk image. Install packages in the numbered order. If an older major version is being upgraded (2.16 or older), delete QGIS.app from your Applications folder before installing this version.

Other Python modules for plugins to use are available from kyngchaos.com.

FreeBSD

Versión estable de QGIS

Para compilar QGIS a partir de paquetes binarios, escribe:

pkg install qgis

Versiones de prueba de QGIS

Para compilar QGIS a partir de fuentes en FreeBSD tienes que escribir:

cd /usr/ports/graphics/qgis
make install clean

Nótese la advertencia.

Flatpak

There is an experimental QGIS flatpak for QGIS Stable available.

For general Linux Flatpak install notes, see https://flatpak.org/setup/

QGIS on Flathub: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.qgis.qgis

To install:

flatpak install --from  https://flathub.org/repo/appstream/org.qgis.qgis.flatpakref

Then to run:

flatpak run org.qgis.qgis

To update your flatpak QGIS:

flatpak update

Flathub files: https://github.com/flathub/org.qgis.qgis

Android

Existe una versión experimental disponible en google play store.

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.qgis.qgis

Advertencia

There is currently no support for Android 5. Best support is given for Android 4.3 and 4.4.x. This is a direct port of the QGIS desktop application. It is only slightly optimized for touch devices and therefore needs to be carefully evaluated for its suitability in day-to-day use. There are other apps available which are designed and optimized specifically for touch devices.

Advertencia de Prueba QGIS

Advertencia

QGIS testing packages are provided for some platforms in addition to the QGIS stable version. QGIS testing contains unreleased software that is currently being worked on. They are only provided for testing purposes to early adopters to check if bugs have been resolved and that no new bugs have been introduced. Although we carefully try to avoid breakages, it may at any given time not work, or may do bad things to your data. Take care. You have been warned!

Installing from Source

Refer to the INSTALL guide on how to build and install QGIS from source for the different platforms.